The people of the Huang Valley created a rich civilization that lives on today.
The Chinese were ruled by various dynasties. A dynasty is a time period that is ruled by a specific family. When a new dynasty came into power it would overthrow the existing dynasty.
In 214 BC the building of the Great Wall of China begins. It is designed to keep out a destitute and starving people, the nomadic Hsiung Nu.
There are many great Chinese inventions. In fact, some of the greatest inventions in the world were by the Chinese. They excelled in mechanical contraptions, spiritual, and many simple inventions that were not much more then bamboo and silk. They also had many objects that went to studying the world and universe around them.
In the T'ang dynasty, fireworks were invented. These were originally for shows, but later on they used them to scare of enemies in war. The fireworks were mainly small bamboo cases filled with gunpowder, and a fuse was put on the side.
In the Han dynasty, they invented the wheel barrow, which was for carrying loads too heavy for a normal person's back to support. The wheel barrow was originally wood, so the Chinese nick named it the wooden ox.
The Chinese designed a machine called the Earthquake weathercock, which was a contraption that told them when and where an earthquake would occur. This machine looked like a giant six foot bronze pot that had dragon heads lining the top, and ivory frogs under each dragon.
They made the compass, which started out as a wooden circle with markings on it, and a magnetic spoon on top. The compass was for religious use. When a new houses was being built, the used it to see if the house was faced in perfect harmony with nature (which meant they thought if you faced your house north, you and nature would get along).
The Chinese first manufactured the "fan", which was mostly carried by women and soldiers. Most of the fans were made out of bamboo and silk. The fan was basically many bamboo spines sticking out in almost a half circle with silk wrapped around it.
They also first created kites, which mostly children played with. The kites were most of the time silk squares, held together by bamboo.
The Chinese created many things with bamboo which made a lot of baskets and holders and were really strong.
The Chinese were the first to discover iron casting around the sixth century, when they mixed tin and copper together.
The Chinese also were the first to think of harvesting silk, and make clothes, fans, kites, toys, paper, and lots of other things from it.
They also produced the first planetarium, which was actually made by an emperor. The planetarium was a big enclosed place with stars and constellations on the inside. The person using the planetarium would sit in a chair that was hanging from the top of the enclosed dome.
Here are more things the Chinese have done for us:
Remember, spelling counts!